Why Do We Care?
Having regular eye examinations is an important part of preventative health care. A comprehensive eye exam will evaluate not only how well you see, but also identify potential eye diseases. Some eye diseases, such as glaucoma and macular degeneration, can result in serious vision loss if not detected and treated early.
Regular eye exams ensure your eyes are healthy
If you are between the ages of 20 to 65 years old, it is recommended that you should have a comprehensive eye exam at least every two years. Ontario residents who are under 20 years old or over 65 years old, are eligible for free eye exams every year through the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP card).
What To Expect During Your Comprehensive Eye Examination?
Your comprehensive eye examination will start with a thorough case history where any symptoms you are experiencing and concerns you may have, are discussed. Dilating drops will most likely be used to enlarge your pupil. This allows the doctor to better examine the retina and other structures at the back of the eye. Please be aware that these dilation drops may cause blurry vision and light sensitivity for a few hours, so it is advised that you bring sunglasses with you to your appointment.
During a routine eye examination, we check:
- Visual acuity using a Snellen eye chart to measure how well you see
- Eye muscle function to identify any muscle weakness or involuntary eye movement
- Pupil function to make sure your pupils dilate and constrict adequately to light
- Prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses. We will determine the degree of your nearsightedness, farsightedness or astigmatism. Amount of presbyopia may also be checked if you are having difficulty focusing on near objects
- Amblyopia (also called lazy eye)
- Intraocular pressure (eye pressure). High eye pressures may be a sign of glaucoma
- Structures at the front of the eye using a slit lamp. This includes examination of your eyelids and eyelashes, conjunctiva, cornea, iris, anterior chamber
- Structures at the back of the eye. This includes examination of the lens, vitreous, optic nerve, and retina. During this part of the exam, diseases such as cataract, glaucoma, macular degeneration and retinal detachments are identified. Also ocular complications due to systemic diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure are evaluated
At the conclusion of your eye examination, our optometrists will review the test results with you and discuss any problems that were found. Treatment options will then be evaluated and discussed